Egypt is in the midst of an energy crisis that is being felt across the board, from residents to small businesses to major industries. Political unrest and the resulting economic downturn have exacerbated the shortage by making it difficult to maintain or build power stations and secure the capital and natural gas to expand power generation, which was at 70 percent of capacity by summer 2014.

Egypt generates more than 20 million tons of municipal solid waste on an annual basis, or the equivalent of the largest Giza Pyramid every 40 days. Less than 65 percent of this waste is collected by the public or private sector, and a mere 20 percent is recycled or responsibly dealt with.

Cairo traffic is an issue that impacts at least 18 million people every day and is estimated to cost Egypt at least 4 percent of its GDP each year. It has massive and far-reaching effects on not only the daily lives and health of the city’s residents, but also on the environment.