Egypt's tourism industry, once thriving, is facing major challenges in recent years due to political and economic instability. The number of tourists has declined sharply, and the timid uptick the sector is now experiencing can be seen as an opportunity to shape local tourism in a more sustainable way. Egypt's lavish beaches and precious coral reefs, as well as its rich cultural
heritage, are the reasons why so many people come, and the government seems determined to preserve these assets through an increasingly sustainable approach.

Limited to seven percent or less of the country’s total land area, Egypt’s agricultural landscape is threatened by the repercussions of climate change, desertification, urban expansion,
soil depletion, and looming water scarcity. Outside of the Nile river valley and scattered fertile pockets in the desert oases, the vast majority of land is desert: rocky, parched and unable to support conventional farming.

Egypt is in the midst of an energy crisis that is being felt across the board, from residents to small businesses to major industries. Political unrest and the resulting economic downturn have exacerbated the shortage by making it difficult to maintain or build power stations and secure the capital and natural gas to expand power generation, which was at 70 percent of capacity by summer 2014.